Monday, September 13, 2010

Signs and Symptoms of High or Low Blood Pressure

High blood pressure:
     This is a disorder that affects most of the people and is also called a silent killer. This article provides you with the 9 common signs and symptoms of high blood pressure so that you can take the necessary steps in preventing this disorder and maintaining a sound health.

Normal blood pressure of a fit person is 120/80. If this reading goes above 140/90, then you should consider yourself as a hypertensive patient. Between 120 and 140 is a pre hypertensive stage which can be controlled even by natural measures like exercise, low intake of salt, avoidance of smoking, maintaining lower levels of cholesterol and by consuming fresh fruits and vegetables.

But how will you come to know that you suffer from blood pressure?
High blood pressure typically has no symptoms at all, that is why we can call it as Silent killer. Although there are many symptoms that occur simultaneously with this disorder and are widely believed to be associated with high blood pressure. These include headaches, nosebleeds, dizziness, a flushed face and fatigue. Although people with high blood pressure may have many of these symptoms, they occur just as frequently in those with normal blood pressure. When these symptoms occur, if a person has high blood pressure that is severe or longstanding and left untreated, symptoms such as headache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, restlessness, and blurred vision can occur as a result of damage to the brain, eyes, heart and kidneys. In rare cases, high blood pressure may cause brain swelling, which can lead to drowsiness and coma.

Following are the common symptoms of high blood pressure:
~ Breathlessness
~ Headache
~ Bleeding from the nose (Epistaxis)
~ Fatigue and Sleepiness
~ Confusion
~ Tinnitus or ringing in the ears
~ Vomiting
~ Profuse sweating
~ Blurred vision

If you do not have the above symptoms, it does not mean that you have no high blood pressure at all. Remember that the most common symptom of high Blood pressure is that “It Has No Symptom". The best way to maintain your health and prevent this disorder is to have your blood pressure checked at frequent intervals.

~ by Mehul Banker

Low Blood Pressure:
     Unlike high blood pressure symptoms, low blood pressure has several classic, easily recognized symptoms. The development of symptoms is considered an indicator that a patient should be evaluated to discover the cause of the low blood pressure and to rule out any underlying problems. Generally, blood pressure must fall to a fairly low value before symptoms develop.

Clincally, the value most often associated with the development of symptoms is 90/60, though this varies from person to person. Situations where the blood pressure drops rapidly, rather than exists chronically at a low level, do not require the blood pressure to drop to 90/60 before symptoms develop. Instead, changes of about 20mmHg from baseline blood pressure have been shown to cause classic low blood pressure symptoms.

Classic symptoms of low blood pressure include: 
 ~ Dizziness, or feeling like you’re standing on a rocking boat
 ~ Fainting
 ~ Changes in mental status (difficulty concentrating, confusion) or a sense of "impending doom" or anxiety
 ~ Changes in breathing patterns (fast, shallow breathing is common during an episode of low blood pressure)
 ~ Nausea
 ~ Suddenly feeling cold or clammy, or a rapid onset of pale skin

While all of these symptoms indicate that a visit to the doctor is needed, fainting or ongoing dizziness are especially alarming and warrant an immediate visit to either your own doctor or to the emergency room. If you experience fainting along with nausea, chest pain, or any type of weakness/numbness in your body, you should call 911 immediately. These symptoms may be indicators of stroke, heart attack, or dangerous problems with the nervous system.

~ by Craig Weber, M.D.

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